Simone D’Alessandro, André Cieplinski, Tiziano Distefano and Kristofer Dittmer, Feasible Alternatives to Green Growth. Nature Sustainability, 2020. DOI:

Supplementary Information [model code] [Figures code and data]

EUROGREEN is a system dynamics, ecological macroeconomics model that simulates policies and scenarios for low-carbon transition with social equity based on initial values and parameters of the French economy (2014-2050).

“Climate change and increasing inequality have emerged as the main challenges facing our societies over the past few decades. Their impact is highly visible and well recognized by overall civil societies way beyond the academic circles that first alerted us of these concrete threats to contemporary standards of living, peace and democracy. A wide range of public policies from basic income programs to radical decarbonization plans, usually as bold and massive as the challenges they aim to overcome, have been proposed, questioned and not rarely deemed economically and politically unfeasible. The EUROGREEN model explores the viability, effectiveness and possible synergies between alternative policy options to low-carbon transition and social justice.”

Simone D’Alessandro (University of Pisa, Italy)

Kristofer Dittmer (Cogito, Sweden)

Tiziano Distefano (University of Pisa, Italy)

André Cieplinski (University of Pisa, Italy)

Article Press realise:

Luca ALTERINI, “La green economy non basta per la crescita dell’economia (e neanche per la sostenibilità), 08/04/2020

Sam Hinsley, “Green growth or degrowth?The Lancet Planetary Health, 27/04/2020

Jacopo PASOTTI,Per una ripresa che concilia ambiente ed equità socialeLe Scienze, 28/04/2020

Jacopo PASOTTI, “¿Cómo queremos que sea el mundo después de la pandemia?Investigación y Ciencia, 08/05/2020

Jonas Van der Slycken, “De Green Deal: uitweg uit de coronacrisis of een nieuw sociaal bloedbad?knack, 18/05/2020

Benoit MONANGE, Réconcilier les gauches et les écologistes autour de la post-croissanceAlternatives Economiques, 29/05/2020

Michele Catanzaro, El clima tras el virus: cómo curar el planeta (y la economía)El Periódico, 13/06/2020

Gianluca Schinaia, Green economy post-Covid. Ecologia ed equità sociale il binomio del futuro possibileAvvenire, 10/07/2020

You can download a copy of the EUROGREEN final Report HERE

An extension with a focus on Progressive Fiscal Policies and the potential role played by the European Investment Bank (EIB) in funding investments in renewable energy production can be found HERE

You can build your own scenario at the online platform of the EUROGREEN Model of Job Creation in a Post-Growth Economy

For a description of the single policies check the following links

TABLE 1: Labour Productivity, Energy Efficiency, Basic Income, Job Guarantee

TABLE 2: Working Time Reduction, Energy Mix and Border Carbon Adjustment

TABLE 3: Consumption Reduction, Export Reduction, Wealth Tax

Supplementary Material

An analytical description of the model can be found HERE

All the equations of the model are available at the following links (they are numbered in alphabetic order, the number is the same in all the files):

Full List of Equations | List of Constants | List of Initials | List of Auxiliaries | List of Levels |

A description of prefixes, suffixes and the main acronyms can be found at the following links:

Prefixes and Suffixes | Acronyms

The following files present the same list of variables (without equations) describing the causal links with the other variables – grouped for module:

Population and Labour Force | Households (Taxes and Transfers) | Employment and Wages | Wealth and Porfolio Choice | Households’ Consumption | Innovation | Prices and Profits | Investment | Input-Output and International Trade | Energy and Emissions | Public Sector | Financial Rates | Carbon Taxes | Scenarios Parameters |

Data and codes

The binary version of the model and data of the simulated scenarios are available at the following folder:


This research was commissioned by Bas Eickhout, Philippe Lamberts, Florent Marcellesi, and Terry Reintke – Greens|EFA Group at the European Parliament.

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